Mandarin Oranges



Mandarin Oranges are small, citrus fruits known for their vibrant orange color, sweet taste, and easy-to-peel skin. They are widely enjoyed for fresh eating and juicing, and are also used in culinary recipes and desserts.

Plant Characteristics

Mandarin Orange trees are evergreen and can reach a height of 10-15 feet. They have glossy green leaves and produce fragrant white flowers that develop into small, round fruits. The oranges are typically 2-3 inches in diameter and have a bright orange peel.

Ideal Growing Conditions

Mandarin Orange trees prefer full sun exposure to thrive. They thrive in warm climates and require temperatures between 55-85°F (13-29°C). They grow well in well-draining, slightly acidic soil.

Planting Guide

Plant Mandarin Orange trees in early spring or fall. Select a location with good sunlight and well-draining soil. Dig a hole slightly larger than the root ball, place the tree in the hole, and backfill with soil. Water thoroughly after planting.

Watering and Fertilizing

Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Water deeply once or twice a week, especially during dry periods. Fertilize with a citrus-specific fertilizer according to package instructions during the growing season.

Pruning and Maintenance

Prune Mandarin Orange trees to remove dead or damaged branches and to maintain a desired shape. Regularly monitor for pests and diseases, and take appropriate action if necessary.

Harvesting or Flowering

Mandarin Oranges are typically ready for harvest in late fall or early winter. They should be picked when fully orange and slightly soft to the touch. Gently twist or cut the fruit from the tree to avoid damage.

Post-Harvest Care

Store Mandarin Oranges in a cool, well-ventilated area away from direct sunlight. They can be stored for several weeks. Properly care for the tree during its growing season by watering and fertilizing as needed.


Common issues include pests like aphids and scale insects, as well as diseases like citrus canker and greening. Use appropriate organic or chemical controls as recommended by local agricultural extension services.

Fun Facts

Mandarin Oranges are often associated with Chinese New Year celebrations and symbolize good luck. They are packed with vitamin C and are a delicious and healthy snack option.