Lemons are citrus fruits known for their bright yellow color and tangy flavor. They are native to Asia and are widely used in culinary applications, as well as for their refreshing scent.
Lemon trees are small to medium-sized evergreen trees with glossy, dark green leaves. The fruits are round to oval, with a vibrant yellow rind and acidic juice.
Lemon trees thrive in full sun, requiring at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight daily. They prefer well-drained soil with a pH between 5.5 and 6.5. In colder regions, they can be grown in containers and brought indoors during winter.
Plant lemon trees in a location with good air circulation and ample space for their growth. Dig a hole twice as wide and deep as the root ball. Place the tree in the hole and backfill with soil, firming it gently around the base.
Water lemon trees deeply and regularly, keeping the soil evenly moist but not waterlogged. Fertilize with a balanced citrus fertilizer according to package instructions during the growing season.
Prune lemon trees to maintain a desired shape and remove any dead, damaged, or crossing branches. Mulch around the base of the tree to conserve moisture and suppress weeds.
Harvest lemons when they reach their full color and size. They are typically ready to be picked when they feel firm and have a bright yellow or yellow-orange color. Twist or cut the fruit from the branch.
Store harvested lemons at room temperature for a week or refrigerate them for longer storage. Before using, rinse the lemons and pat them dry.
Common issues for lemon trees include pests like aphids, scale insects, or citrus leaf miners. Monitor the tree regularly and take appropriate measures, such as using organic insecticides or horticultural oils, if necessary.
Lemons are an excellent source of vitamin C and are often used in cooking, baking, and beverages. Lemon zest, the grated outer rind, adds a burst of citrus flavor to many dishes.