Geraniums are popular flowering plants that originated in South Africa. They are known for their vibrant blooms and attractive foliage, making them a beloved choice for gardens, containers, and hanging baskets.

Plant Characteristics

Geraniums have round or semi-circular leaves that can be green or variegated. They produce clusters of colorful flowers in various shades of red, pink, white, or purple. Geraniums can grow up to 1-3 feet in height and have a bushy growth habit.

Ideal Growing Conditions

Geraniums prefer full sun to partial shade and well-draining soil. They should be watered regularly, allowing the soil to dry out slightly between watering. Geraniums can also benefit from occasional fertilization with a balanced flower fertilizer.

Planting Guide

Plant geraniums in the spring after the last frost date in your area. Choose a location with well-draining soil and space plants about 12-18 inches apart. Ensure the root ball is level with or slightly above the soil surface when planting.

Watering and Fertilizing

Water geraniums deeply but infrequently, allowing the soil to dry out slightly between watering. Fertilize every 4-6 weeks with a balanced flower fertilizer according to package instructions.

Pruning and Maintenance

Prune geraniums regularly to encourage bushier growth and remove spent flowers to prolong blooming. Cut back leggy stems to promote branching.

Harvesting or Flowering

Geraniums are primarily ornamental plants and are not typically harvested for edible purposes.

Post-Harvest Care

Geraniums do not require post-harvest care, but you can continue to enjoy their blooms by deadheading spent flowers and providing appropriate care to maintain plant health.


Geraniums can be susceptible to pests like aphids, spider mites, and whiteflies. Regularly inspect the plants for signs of infestation and take appropriate measures such as using insecticidal soap or introducing beneficial insects.

Fun Facts

Geraniums are not only valued for their beauty but also for their fragrance. Some geranium varieties have leaves with a pleasant scent, often reminiscent of rose, lemon, or mint. Additionally, geraniums are often used in perfumes, cosmetics, and aromatherapy due to their aromatic qualities.