Norfolk Island Pine

House Plants


The Norfolk Island Pine, scientifically known as Araucaria heterophylla, is a popular houseplant known for its resemblance to a miniature Christmas tree. Native to Norfolk Island in the South Pacific, this evergreen conifer brings a touch of natural beauty and elegance to indoor spaces.

Plant Characteristics

The Norfolk Island Pine features symmetrical, tiered branches that grow in a pyramidal form, resembling a small, compact tree. It has soft, needle-like leaves that are typically dark green and arranged in a spiral pattern along the branches. It can reach heights of up to 6 feet (1.8 meters) or more when grown indoors.

Ideal Growing Conditions

Norfolk Island Pines thrive in bright, indirect light. They can tolerate lower light conditions but prefer moderate to high light levels. They appreciate temperatures between 60-70°F (15-21°C) and high humidity. Avoid placing the plant near cold drafts or sudden temperature changes.

Planting Guide

Choose a well-draining pot slightly larger than the root ball. Plant the Norfolk Island Pine at the same depth as it was in its nursery container, ensuring the roots are covered with soil. Water thoroughly after planting and allow excess water to drain. It can also be grown outdoors in suitable climates.

Watering and Fertilizing

Water the Norfolk Island Pine when the top inch (2.5 cm) of soil feels dry. Provide enough water to moisten the soil but avoid overwatering, as it can lead to root rot. Fertilize monthly during the growing season with a balanced, water-soluble houseplant fertilizer.

Pruning and Maintenance

Prune the Norfolk Island Pine to maintain its shape and remove any brown or dead branches. It naturally sheds lower branches as it grows taller. Avoid excessive pruning, as it may disrupt its natural form. Wipe the leaves occasionally to remove dust and keep them looking vibrant.

Growth and Development

Over time, the Norfolk Island Pine will develop into a tree-like form with tiers of branches. It grows slowly and may take several years to reach its full potential. Enjoy watching it transform into an elegant miniature tree, perfect for seasonal decorations or as a year-round indoor accent.

Post-Harvest Care

The Norfolk Island Pine is primarily grown as an ornamental houseplant and is not typically harvested. After pruning or removing any spent branches, continue regular care, including watering, fertilizing, and providing suitable light and humidity conditions.


Norfolk Island Pines are generally hardy, but they can encounter issues such as browning or dropping needles due to underwatering, overwatering, or low humidity. Adjust the watering frequency, ensure proper drainage, and increase humidity levels by misting or using a humidifier if needed.

Fun Facts

The Norfolk Island Pine is not a true pine tree but belongs to the Araucariaceae family. It is often used as a decorative plant during the holiday season due to its resemblance to a Christmas tree. In its native habitat, it can grow to impressive heights of over 200 feet (60 meters).